Jumat, 11 Mei 2012

7 Foto Pesawat Antonov An-24

Pesawat Antonov An-24 1962
Foto 1
Pengembangan
Pesawat ini pertama kali terbang 1959. Lebih dari 1.000 pesawat dibuat dan 880 di antaranya masih beroperasi di seluruh dunia, terutama di CIS dan Afrika. Pada Agustus 2006, total 448 An-24 masih dioperasikan oleh maskapai penerbangan.
Foto 2
     Pesawat ini didesain untuk menggantikan pesawat piston transpor Il-14 untuk penerbangan jarak dekat-medium. Pesawat ini juga desain untuk beroperasi pada landasan yang dipersiapkan dan kasar. Desain sayap-tinggi melindungi mesin dan propeler dari puing/serpihan, dan perbandingan/rasio tenaga:berat lebih tinggi dari pada pesawat setaranya. Mesinnya kokoh dan keras, serta tidak membutuhkan peralatan canggih untuk perawatannya.
    Pembuatan purwarupa dan produksi massal utamanya dilakukan di Kiev-Svyetoshoni, dengan produksi 985 pesawat, selebihnya 180 dibuat di Ulan Ude. Produksi selanjutnya 197 varian pesawat angkut barang dilakukan di Irkutsk. Perusahaan Pesawat China Xian membuat tiruan dari An-24 dengan nama Yunshuji Y-7. Produksi teteap berlanjut di China, walaupun produksi di Ukraina telah dihentikan pada 1978.
Foto 3
 Foto 4
Foto 5
Foto 6
Foto 7
Varian
•An-24: : Original design. Twin-engined 44-seat transport aircraft.
•An-24B: Freight transport version.
•An-24T: Freight transport version.
•An-24P: : Firebomber or fire-fighting version.
•An-24V : 50-seat short-range transport version, powered by two 2,550-ehp (1902-ekW) Ivchenko AI-24A turboprop engines.
•An-24V Series II : 50-seat mixed passenger, cargo and freight version.
•An-24RT : Similar to the AN-24T, fitted with an anxiliary turbojet engine.
•An-24RV : Turbojet boosted version. Similar to the An-24V, but fitted with a 1,985-lb (900-kg) thrust auxiliary turbojet engine.
•Xian Y-7 : Chinese-built version - see also Xian MA60
•Y-7-100 : Improved version with redesigned cockpit and cabin, also fitted with winglets.
•Y-7-200 : Fitted with new avionics, winglets are deleted.
•Y-7-200A : Powered by two Pratt & Whitney PW127C turboprop engines.
•Y-7-200B : Built for the Chinese domestic market.
 Operator Sipil
      Operator utama yang masih mengoperasikan 448 An-24 hingga Agustus 2006 adalah:
China Southern Airlines (11), Air Urga (10), ARP 410 Airlines (10), Scat Air (20), Turkmenistan Airlines (22), Ukraine National Airlines (12), Novosibirsk Air Enterprise (9), Belavia (9), Air Koryo (8) Aeroflot (6), UTair (17), Uzbekistan Airways (11), Yakutia Airlines (17) and Cubana de AviaciĆ³n (2) Aero Caribbean(1). Sekitar 112 maskapai penerbangan lain juga masih mengoperasikannya dalam jumlah yang lebih kecil.
      Operator Sipil termasuk:
Aeroflot, Aerosvit, Air Astana, Air Guinee, Air Mali, Ariana Afghan Airlines, Balkan Bulgarian, CAAC, Cubana, Egyptair, Interflug, Iraqi Airways, Lebanese Air Transport, Lina Congo, LOT Polish Airlines, Misrair (Egyptair), Mosphil Aero (Philippines), Pan African Air Service, Kyrgyzstan, President Airlines, PMTair, Royal Khmer Airlines, Tarom, Uzbekistan Airways, Lionair
Ringkasan Kecelakaan
      Hingga 2004
•Hull-loss accidents: 109 with a total of 1673 fatalities
•Other occurrences: 11 with a total of 59 fatalities
•Hijackings: 33 with a total of 4 fatalities
      Kecelakaan Terkini:
•On January 19, 2006, a Slovak An-24 military transport with 43 persons on board (of which 28 were soldiers) crashed in Hungary, only 3 km from the Slovak border. Only one person survived, and 42 were reported dead. The plane was carrying Slovak KFOR forces that had been serving in Kosovo for half a year.
•On June 25, 2007, a Cambodian PMTair An-24 commercial flight with 16 passengers and six crew on board crashed in mountains 130km south of the capital Phnom Penh. The flight was en route from Siem Reap, near the historic Angkor Wat temples, to the coastal town of Sihanoukville.
 Spesifikasi (An-240
                                                              General characteristics
•Crew: 3-4: 2 pilots, 1 flight engineer, (optional) 1 radio operator
•Capacity: 52 passengers
•Payload: 5,500 kg (12,000 lb)
•Length: 23.53 m (77 ft 3 in)
•Wingspan: 29.20 m (95 ft 10 in)
•Height: 8.32 m (27 ft 4 in)
•Wing area: 75.0 m² (807 ft²)
•Empty weight: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb)
•Max takeoff weight: 21,000 kg (46,000 lb)
•Powerplant: 2× Ivchenko AI-24A turboprops, 2,820 ehp (2,100 kW) each
                                                                    Performance
•Maximum speed: 500 km/h (270 knots, 310 mph)
•Cruise speed: 450 km/h (240 knots, 280 mph)
•Range:
oWith maximum payload: 550 km (300 nm, 340 mi)
oWith maximum fuel: 2,400 km (1,300 nm, 1,500 mi)
•Service ceiling 4,000 to 6,000 m (13,000 to 19,700 ft)
Sumber : http://jojo8228.blogspot.com/2009/12/antonov-24-1962.html



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